Posted in: Technology

Enterprise software development lifecycle guide

What is enterprise software development?

Enterprise software development focuses on a company’s needs rather than individual user’s needs. Since enterprise apps are used within a company, they are developed based on the internal environment and business processes. Organizations of different sizes and industries have different demands. The goal of enterprise applications is to fulfill a company’s specific needs and meet specific business goals.

The majority of modern enterprise systems implement the SaaS model when software is developed using web technologies and is hosted on a cloud. Sofware as a service approach ensures rapid performance and flexibility of a system. However, some organizations still prefer traditional desktop apps as they provide greater security and control.

6 steps of enterprise software development lifecycle

The development of enterprise software requires thorough preparation, careful planning, and well-established processes. A clear vision of the project’s goal and qualified implementation get a fair opportunity to penetrate the market and even set an industry standard.

Here is your step-by-step guide to efficient enterprise software development.

Step 1: Product discovery

The product discovery phase involves an in-depth analysis of the organization’s needs. The process starts by gathering requirements from project stakeholders and adapting existing ideas to current workflows. In this way, you can answer some important questions that will affect the course of your enterprise software development project.

Step 2: Planning and estimating

Planning determines the project roadmap for meeting business goals, budget, and deadlines. Effective planning helps allocate resources wisely and avoid typical stumbling blocks during software product development. With detailed technical specifications at hand, you can identify the rough estimates for delivering an MVP.

Step 3: Design

Armed with the results gathered in the discovery phase, product designers step into customer’s shoes and walk through multiple use scenarios. After determining usability logic, designers create functional prototypes of the future enterprise system. This approach eliminates the risks of system redesign at a later stage.

Step 4: Development

From now on, developers come into play: they will set up the cloud environment and create the business logic and the user interface. Focusing on the core features is critical while developing software for the enterprise. Remember that you don’t need the most advanced software. You need software that suits your organization and delivers business value. 

Step 5: Testing

The quality assurance team will perform a series of manual and automated tests to ensure the quality of code and user experience, including functional, load, compatibility, performance, and security testing. Often it means going back to the previous stage to fix bugs and improve performance, but worry not — it’s a good thing. It’s always better to find the bug yourself than letting users find the bug for you.

Step 6: Deployment and maintenance

At this stage, the freshly built and tested product moves to a production environment where users can see and try it out. Now is the best time to fine-tune your enterprise system by adding new features and improvements according to user feedback.


Technically, enterprise software development is a niche in software development. The main difference lies in the context of its use. While general software development refers to both customer-focused and business-focused products, enterprise software development targets specific organizations within a specific industry.

Posted in: Prison Emergency

Case of Montero Aranguren et al. (Detention Center of Catia) v. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

In the case of Montero Aranguren et al. (Detention Center of Catia), the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Court”, “the Court” or “the Tribunal”), composed of the following judges *:

Sergio García Ramírez, President;

Alirio Abreu Burelli, Vice President;

Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Judge;

Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Judge, and

Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge.

present, in addition,

Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary, and

Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary, in accordance with Articles 62.3 and 63.1 of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Convention” or “the American Convention”) and with Articles 29, 31, 53.2, 55, 56 and 58 of the Rules of the Court (hereinafter “the Rules”), dictates this Judgment.

I. Introduction of the Cause

1. On February 24, 2005, in accordance with the provisions of Articles 50 and 61 of the American Convention, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) submitted to the Court a complaint against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (hereinafter “the State” or “Venezuela”), which originated in complaint number 11,699, received at the Secretariat of the Commission on November 12, 1996.

2. The Commission filed the application in this case in order for the Court to decide whether the State violated the rights enshrined in Articles 4 (Right to Life) and 5 (Right to Humane Treatment) of the American Convention, in in relation to the obligation established in article 1.1 (Obligation to Respect Rights) of the same, to the detriment of the inmates who supposedly died in an operation carried out on November 27, 1992 at the Detention Center and Judicial Confinement Center of “Los Flores de Catia ”(Hereinafter“ the Retén de Catia ”). In turn, the Commission asked the Court to declare that the State violated the rights enshrined in Articles 8 (Judicial Guarantees) and 25 (Judicial Protection) of the American Convention, in relation to the obligation established in Article 1.1 (Obligation of Respecting the Rights) thereof, to the detriment of the alleged victims and their next of kin. Finally, the Commission asked the Inter-American Court to declare Venezuela responsible for the breach of the general obligation established in Article 2 of the American Convention, for not suppressing from its legislation the provisions that attribute to the military courts competence to investigate violations of human rights and for not having developed policies aimed at reforming the prison system.

3. The application refers to the alleged extrajudicial execution of 37 inmates of the Detention Center of Catia, located in the city of Caracas, Venezuela, on the early morning of November 27, 1992. These events occurred after a second attempted military coup in Venezuela, which would have caused an upheaval within the aforementioned checkpoint. Presumably, the prison guards and troops from the 5th Regional Command of the National Guard and the Metropolitan Police intervened en masse, using disproportionate force and shooting indiscriminately at the prison population. The versions of the events of some survivors say that the Detention Center guards opened the doors of the cells announcing to the inmates that they were released, they waited for the inmates to leave and fired at them. The inmates were also alleged to be living in inhumane conditions of detention.

4. The Commission alleged that after the events an investigation was initiated by the Public Ministry and the judicial authorities, which was characterized by the obstruction and lack of collaboration on the part of the police, military, and prison authorities. As of August 1994, no actions were taken to gather more information, and no procedural activity was carried out in the case. For almost 8 years, the relatives of the alleged victims were denied access to the file. Currently the investigation rests with the Sixty-eighth Prosecutor’s Office of the Metropolitan Area of ​​Caracas in the preliminary investigation phase under file number 4582.

5. Furthermore, the Commission asked the Inter-American Court to order the State, in accordance with Article 63.1 of the Convention, to adopt certain measures of reparation indicated in the application. Lastly, it asked the Court to order the State to pay the costs and expenses generated in the processing of the case in the domestic jurisdiction and before the organs of the Inter-American System for the Protection of Human Rights.

Posted in: Technology

A guide to Enterprise Software Development

Enterprise systems help integrate various business functions across an organization. As good as it sounds, developing an enterprise system has hidden pitfalls that can affect your spending. Read our in-depth guide to get the best out of enterprise software development.

What is enterprise software development?

Enterprise software development focuses on a company’s needs rather than individual user’s needs. Since enterprise apps are used within a company, they are developed based on the internal environment and business processes. Organizations of different sizes and industries have different demands. The goal of enterprise applications is to fulfill a company’s specific needs and meet specific business goals.

The majority of modern enterprise systems implement the SaaS model when software is developed using web technologies and is hosted on a cloud. Sofware as a service approach ensures rapid performance and flexibility of a system. However, some organizations still prefer traditional desktop apps as they provide greater security and control.

The three main types of enterprise systems

The first and foremost task of any enterprise software is to store, process, and transfer data. Most systems provide various workflow automation and document management tools designed for a specific industry or company’s activity field. The larger the organization, the more complex system they need. For example, large corporations combine several applications or choose integrated enterprise systems for their supply chain, inventory, accounting, and sales management.

Here are the most common types of enterprise software used in retail, pharmacy, real estate, manufacturing, and other industries.

Customer Relationship Management systems

Customer retention can be challenging. Companies make tremendous efforts to find new clients, but they put even more resources into establishing solid relationships with existing customers. CRM systems centralize and streamline all customer-related operations by gathering, categorizing, and analyzing customer data from various channels. That’s why the CRM market keeps growing year after year and will reach $114,4 billion by 2027.

The benefits of using CRM systems include:

  • Defining consumer trends and insights based on customer behavior
  • Enhancing the quality of brand communication and client service
  • Automating sales funnels
  • Increasing customer retention rates
  • Protecting customer data privacy
  • Engaging customers through loyalty campaigns and other marketing tools

Here are the top requested features for CRM software:

  • Contact management
  • Interaction tracking
  • Scheduling
  • Email marketing
  • Pipeline monitoring
  • Reporting and analytics
  • Integration with other platforms
  • Mobile accessibility
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Workflow automation Summing up, CRM systems help companies sell faster and provide better customer service. To keep all business processes in one place, many organizations integrate CRM within ERP systems.

Enterprise Resource Planning systems

ERP solutions are used to manage day-to-day business activities, including planning, budgeting, procurement, human resources, risk management, etc. ERP systems tie together different business processes and ensure safe data flow within an organization. This type of software is crucial for managing medium and large-sized businesses. The global ERP market worth will hit $48,22 billion by 2022.

There are numerous benefits of using ERP software:

  • Lower operational costs thanks to optimized business processes
  • Data and infrastructure consistency across departments
  • Risk reduction through data integrity and control
  • Actionable insights based on real-time data analysis
  • Enhanced cross-team and in-team collaboration
  • Workflow efficiency
  • Lower maintenance costs

The most requested features for ERP systems include:

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Human resources
  • Planning
  • Marketing
  • CRM
  • Inventory management
  • Order management
  • Invoicing
  • Project management
  • Scheduling
  • Reporting

Although ERP solutions offer great opportunities for business growth, not every company can fully leverage them. To get the most out of ERP software, make sure it’s accessible for employees and aligns with current company processes. The safest option would be to choose software development services that combine ERP development with excellent client support, software maintenance, and integration.

Supply Chain Management systems

According to The BCI report, 69% of companies don’t have total visibility over their supply chain operations. Supply chain management systems increase visibility and control throughout supply chain activities. SCM applications are involved throughout the whole supply chain lifecycle, from production to logistics and warehouse management. They take care of end-to-end supply chain transactions, data and document flow, supplier relationships, and other related processes.

The advantages of using SCM systems include:

  • Lower costs and better financial control
  • Eliminating logistical errors and other risks
  • Maximizing customer value
  • Effective forecasting and decision-making
  • Faster time-to-market
  • Better customer service and communication

Here is the essential functionality of supply chain management software:

  • Inventory planning
  • Warehouse management
  • Logistics
  • Returns management
  • Sourcing and supplier management
  • Order management
  • Inventory management
  • Order management
  • Data analytics
  • Procurement
  • Production lines maintenance

Supply chain management software development is vital for companies looking to keep up with the market competition. The best option is to partner with a company that provides custom software development services. This way, you get a system that seamlessly integrates into your workflow and serves your specific company needs.

Posted in: Technology

Development of Information technology

The development of technology is becoming familiar with the development of information technology today is much faster than the previous year the transformation from the technology of the past to more sophisticated technology is easy and fast.

Evolution of Information Technology Development

There is no denying that one of the main causes of the era of globalization that came sooner than all parties thought was due to the rapid development of information technology. The implementation of internet, electronic commerce, electronic data interchange, virtual office, telemedicine, intranet, and so forth has breached the physical boundaries between countries. The merger of computer technology with telecommunications has resulted in a revolution in the field of information systems. Data or information that in ancient times had to take days to be processed before being sent to the other side of the world, today can be done in seconds. It’s no exaggeration that one IBM expert analogizes it to automotive developments as follows: “if the automotive world had progressed as fast as information technology, today it can be produced a diesel-fueled car, which can be driven up to a maximum speed of 10,000 km / h, with a purchase price of only about 1 U.S. dollar !”. Micro, there is something interesting enough to learn, namely how the evolution of the development of existing information technology significantly affects the competition between companies in the world, especially those engaged in services.

Broadly speaking, there are four periods or eras of information system development, starting from the first time a computer was discovered to date. The four eras (Cash, 1992) occurred not only because it was triggered by the rapid development of computer technology, but also supported by new theories about modern corporate management. Management and organizational experts such as Peter Drucker, Michael Hammer, Porter, greatly color management’s view of information technology in the modern era.

Therefore, it is understandable, that there are still many companies, especially in developing countries (third world), which still have difficulty adapting new theories about management, organization, and information technology because of the inherent local or local cultural factors that affect the behavior of human resources. So it is not surprising that companies still often encountered with the most advanced computer equipment, but still used as administrative tools that in fact is the era of the use of computers first in the world in the early 1960s.

Development of Computerized Era Technology

This period began around the 1960s when mini computers and mainframes were introduced by companies such as IBM to the industrialized world. The ability to calculate so quickly causes a lot of companies to use it for data processing purposes. The use of computers in this time is intended to increase efficiency, because it is proven for certain jobs, using computers is much more efficient (in terms of time and cost) than employing dozens of human resources for the same thing.

In that era, there has not been such a tight atmosphere of competition. The number of companies is still relatively small. Most of the big companies indirectly “monopolize certain markets, because there are no meaningful competitors yet. Almost all major companies engaged in infrastructure (electricity and telecommunications) and mining at the time bought computer devices to help with their daily administrative activities.

The most time-consuming organizational needs of computers at the time were for back office administration, especially those related to accounting and finance. On the other hand, the mainframe’s ability to perform complex calculations is also utilized by the company to help solve operational technical problems, such as calculation simulations in the mining and manufacturing industries.

The Era of Information Technology Advancement

Advances in digital technology combined with telecommunications have brought computers into its “revolution” era. In the early 1970s, PC or Personal Computer technology was introduced as an alternative to mini computers. With a set of computers that can be placed on a workbench (desktop), a manager or technician can obtain data or information that has been processed by the computer (with a speed that is almost the same as the speed of a mini computer, even a mainframe). The use of computers in the company is not only to improve efficiency, but further to support the occurrence of more effective work processes. Unlike in the era of computerization where computers only become “privately owned” division of EDP (Electronic Data Processing) in a company, in this second era every individual in the organization can take advantage of the sophistication of computers, such as to process databases, spreadsheets, and data processing (end-user computing). The use of computers among companies is increasingly rampant, especially supported by the nature of competition that has changed from monopolize to free market. Indirectly, companies that have utilized computer technology are very efficient and effective compared to companies whose processes are still managed manually.

In this era, computers enter a new chapter, namely as a facility that can provide competitive advantages for companies, especially those engaged in services or services. Modern organizational management theories were intensively introduced in the early 1980s. One of the most studied and applied theories is about change management. Almost in all terms of change management theory emphasizes the importance of information technology as one of the main components that must be considered by companies that want to win in business competition. Unlike in the previous two eras that emphasized more on the element of technology, in this era of change management is more emphasized is information systems, where computers and information technology are components of the system.

The key to the company’s success in the 1980s was the rapid and accurate creation and mastery of information. Information in the company is analogous as blood in human blood circulation that must always flow regularly, quickly, continuously, to places that need it (strategic). Emphasized by some management experts, that companies that master information that has a competitive advantage in the macro environment “regulated free market”. In this period, the philosophical change from traditional companies to modern companies lies in how management sees the key to the company’s performance. Traditional organizations see corporate structure as a key measure of performance, so everything is measured hierarchically based on divisions or departments.

Posted in: Technology

Technology makes everything easier

Now, things are becoming easier and faster with the help of technology.

Technology is the whole means of providing the goods necessary for the continuity, and comfort of human life. The use of technology by humans begins with the change of complex tools into simple tools. For example we used typewriters, but now technology has made it more simple and comfortable.

Another example in everyday life, we have mandated the advancement of this technology, such as mobile phones. In the past, the function of mobile phones or mobile phones was only limited to phones and sending short messages. With the advancement of technology, now the function of mobile phones is not just to call someone and send short messages, but can replace computer functions such as browsing the internet and sending emails, even mobile phones can replace cameras for photos and video recording, the quality itself is not inferior to the original camera. From this example it is clear that technology is very helpful to us. With the existing mobile phone technology we no longer need to bring laptops and cameras, because some of the uses of the device is already in the mobile phone that we always carry wherever we go.

Thanks to these technological advances our daily activities are becoming lighter. This can also be felt when we do financial difficulties. Now we don’t have to come to the place to take care of our financial activities directly. For some purposes we just simply access the internet then just click and finish.

Technological advances continue to evolve at all times and thanks to these technological advances many conveniences are offered. Many things used to be quite difficult and complicated to do traditionally, but now it becomes easy with the help of technology, For example we take an easy example, if we used to want to shop, we have to go to a store or market, now with technology, we simply access online shopping sites, just by clicking, the desired item will be delivered to our address.

We are required to adapt quickly in the face of change. But it does not take a short time to be able to quickly face this technological change. It can take days or even months for us to get used to using this technology. The length of time we use to familiarize ourselves with technology does not matter when we have gained benefits that make our lives uncomplicated and easy.

Once we understand the usefulness and benefits of this technology, surely we will realize that with technology all things can become easier. If it used to be a complicated activity to do so that we are lazy to do it, then now we can easily do it. In the past we could only do one task, with technology we can now do three tasks at once. Therefore make the most of the ease of this technology so that your life will feel easier.